We are looking for a math educator to join our Education Advisory Council for our remote learning program, STEAMing Into the Future (www.shiphistory.org). The program focuses on S.T.E.A.M. and social studies subjects for grades K - 12. If you, or someone you know is interested in lending us their expertise, please visit https://shiphistory.org/about/advisory-board/ Image from a lesson using primary sources documents from the SS Merida shipwreck losses: https://shiphistory.org/2017/07/20/merida-shipwreck/ and courtesy of the Library of Congress.
From our crew to yours, we wish you a Happy #Pride Month. Image: Stern view of the excursion vessel RAINBOW leaving the pier at Penn's Landing Park, Philadelphia, PA, June 20, 1982. From the Braun Brothers Collection, SSHSA Archives.
#onthisday in 1943, Detroit erupted in race riot. Click the link in our bio to read this lesson that will teach students about the racial tensions in the city that lead up to the spark ignited by the use of recreational space on Belle Isle Park. Just two years and one day later, Sarah Elizabeth Ray would board the SS Columbia with her classmates for Bob-Lo Island Amusement Park. Told she could not go due to the color of her skin, Ray left the ship and refused a refund for her fare. She then contacted the @naacp in Detroit, which brought charges against the Bob-Lo Excursion Company for violating state civil rights laws. The case made it to the Supreme Court, with Thurgood Marshall serving as the chief legal counsel. They argued that the company’s policy excluding “colored people” violated the Michigan state civil rights law, and won. This moment in history was one stepping stone that paved the way for Brown vs. Board of Education and an important, yet often overlooked moment in civil rights history. Follow @sscolumbia the to learn about the preservation of the ship so integral to the civil rights movement.
#onthisday in Galveston news reached Texas after two and a half years that slaves were free. . . After the Civil War ended in April 1865 most slaves in Texas were still unaware of their freedom that was granted by the Emancipation Proclamation that took effect January 1, 1863. Surrender terms were formally signed on June 2, 1865 by General Edmund Kirby aboard the USS Fort Jackson, a sidewheel steamer, in Galveston Harbor. On June 18, Union General Gordon Granger arrived at Galveston with 2,000 Federal troops to occupy Texas. On the following day, he officially announced that the war was over and that the enslaved African American population in Texas was free. Locally and nationally, this event became known as #Juneteenth. According to the Library of Congress, Pres. Abraham Lincoln’s edict had little impact on the people of Texas, since there were few Union troops around at the time to enforce it. But, with the surrender of Gen. Robert E. Lee in April 1865 and the arrival of Gen. Gordon Granger’s regiment in Galveston, troops were finally strong enough to enforce the executive order. Newly freed men rejoiced, originating the annual Juneteenth celebration, which commemorates the freeing of the slaves in Texas. So, why the two-and-a-half year delay? Some possible explanations include a murdered messenger, the deliberate withholding of news by plantation owners, and that federal troops actually waited so that slave owners could benefit from one last cotton harvest. The @librarycongress “Voices from the Days of Slavery” presentation contains several interviews with former Texas slaves. You can listen to these oral histories here: https://www.loc.gov/collections/voices-remembering-slavery/about-this-collection/
On this day in 1951, the Italian Line's Andrea Doria was launched. Poster from the Stephen Barrett Chase Collection, SSHSA Archives.
Time is running out to take advantage of our multi-year membership offer. Visit https://www.sshsa.org/join/join_form.html to join or renew by next Monday, June 15, and pay 2019 membership rates for up to five years. There has never been a better moment to come aboard here at SSHSA! Hundreds of members and friends have already responded, providing a much-needed influx of funds and allowing us to continue with important initiatives like the purchase of the Ship History Center, which will save us tens of thousands of dollars a year in rent payments, and our education program at www.shiphistory.org. We have developed additional remote learning resources for teachers and parents throughout the pandemic, and supporting us now can help keep us on course for the future. Please invest today! We are forever grateful to everyone who has stepped up to help us out in the last couple of months, and we hope all of our friends find themselves safe and healthy during these times. SSHSA is 85 years in with no plans on stopping. We hope you’ll be along for the ride with us! Photo: Passengers enjoy the sea breezes upon comfortable steamer lounge chairs on perhaps the promenade deck of an unidentified liner. C 1915 From a hand-colored magic lantern glass slide, SSHSA Archives.
On this day in 1913, the IMPERATOR made her maiden voyage. This Hamburg America line poster is advertising the steamship IMPERATOR with the distinctive eagle on her bow. This poster's artwork is signed by Hans Bohrdt. Hans Bohrdt was a maritime painter and illustrator, born in Berlin in 1857. He had his first works on display for the public in 1880, with his most prolific period being from the 1890's to the end of World War I. He was one of Kaiser Wilhelm II's greatest supporters, and acted as a sea travel agent, accompanying him on his travels throughout Germany. His most well-known work, The Last Man, was created during this time and was one of Germany's famous pieces of propaganda. Bohrdt continued to produce numerous illustrations for books, magazines, postcards, and posters, but after the war he received fewer commissions aside from German shipping companies. On April 25, 1945, Bohrdt's home in Berlin-Zehlendorf was bombed and completely destroyed. He died on December 19, 1945. The IMPERATOR was completed in 1913, the first in a trio of successively larger passenger liners for the Hamburg America Line. She was the largest ship in the world (by tonnage) until the launch of her sister VATERLAND in 1914. After World War I, she was handed to Britain's Cunard Line as war reparations, where she continued service with the name BERENGARIA. Poster from the Stephen Barrett Chase Collection, SSHSA Archives.
Trivia time! Do you know how much the Bob-Lo Excursion Company was fined for being found guilty of discrimination from the Michigan Supreme Court? Check out this article From Desegregation to Restoration: On Board the SS Columbia, published in PowerShips magazine to learn more about this historic ship's role in desegregation. The case when to the Supreme Court, argued by Thurgood Marshall, and paved the way for Brown vs. Board of Education. https://shiphistory.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/Columbia.304.pdf or click the link in our bio. Check out @sscolumbia to learn more about the amazing restoration work being done on this historic vessel.
Did you know that the Black Star Line was the first black-owned and operated Steamship Company that sought to provide non-discriminatory travel? With an exception of a few white officers, the Black Star Line employed an all-black crew. Stevedores, or dock workers who load and unload cargo from ships, saw the company as an opportunity to receive honest wages and a chance at fair treatment in the workplace. This lesson, written in conjunction with Brittany Hancock, is used by students at North Central Texas College and teaches the difference between primary and secondary sources and the role the FBI played in discrediting and deporting Marcus Garvey: https://shiphistory.org/2020/01/20/the-black-star-line/ or click the link in our bio to find our lessons and activities.
On this day in 1936, the Queen Mary made her maiden voyage. Image: QUEEN MARY under the Narrows bridge on last voyage from New York, September 22, 1967, Braun Brothers Collection, SSHSA Archives. #otd #onthisday #onthisdayinhistory #thisdayinhistory #queenmary #oceanliner #shiphistory #sshsa
Originally known as Decoration Day, Memorial Day is a chance to honor the men and women who have died while serving in the US military. It became an official federal holiday in 1971. Although this year's celebration may feel different, we hope that you take this time to remember the true meaning of the holiday. From our crew to yours, we wish you a happy and safe Memorial Day! Image from the Jess Welt Collection, SSHSA Archives.
Did you know that National Maritime Day was signed into law on this day in 1933? Franklin Delano Roosevelt, an honorary member of SSHSA, was the first president to issue a proclamation about this day. Please join us in a virtual celebration for this year’s theme – “Resilient Sealift for a Resilient Nation,” which reflects the U.S. maritime industry’s unwavering support of the nation, especially during the current challenge of COVID-19. Today, we honor our nation’s maritime heritage. National Maritime Day occurs each year on May 22 to commemorate the American steamship Savannah’s voyage from the United States to England, marking the first successful crossing of the Atlantic Ocean with steam propulsion. This day also celebrates the American Merchant Marine for strengthening our economy and supporting our military forces by shipping troops and supplies wherever they are needed. In 2018, we launched our online education program on National Maritime Day. This year, we have refocused our mission to make lessons and activities more accessible on the web, promoting them through social media. Although SSHSA may not be frontline workers during this crisis, we have been working diligently to help educators, parents, grandparents, and kids of all ages gain access to fun, educational resources straight from our archives and collections. We have been adding more to the site and hope that even though we may not all be in the same boat, that we can help weather this storm together. Learn more about all that we do by watching this interview with @studio10wjar show’s Artie Tefft! (Link in bio!) It wouldn’t be possible without support from great foundations, members, and donors who have really stepped up their giving during this crisis and allowed us to fulfill our mission by sharing ship history through S.T.E.A.M. subjects via remote learning. What a way to celebrate National Maritime Day! Thank you for coming together to share the importance of our maritime industry with the next generation. Full steam ahead! #NationalMaritimeDay Image: Poster for National Maritime Day in 1950, Ephemera Collection, SSHSA Archives.
Knots are ancient technology that predate the axe and wheel. Many types of decorative knots are more recognizable than one may think. Think of macramé plant hangers, cable knit sweaters, or those sailors knots bracelets. These decorative knots like the chain sinnet have also been used to make hats called boaters. Learn all about it and view historic texts to practice your own decorative knots. Entertain the kids, or yourself, by trying to make a friendship bracelet! Visit https://shiphistory.org/2020/05/19/sinnet-knots-make-a-friendship-bracelet/ or click the link in our bio.
It's #internationalmuseumday AND #menumonday! Check out this menu from the Eastern Steamship Lines. Did you know that we use historical menus to teach students about refrigeration on ships? Check out this lesson, try the experiment, and learn more about the history of shipping, food, and travel: https://shiphistory.org/2017/09/21/refrigeration-on-ships/ Menu from the Ephemera Collection, undated, SSHSA Archives.
WASH YOUR HANDS! 👏🏻💧 It’s #museumweek2020 and what better way to celebrate during a global pandemic than to share some historic soap from some of your favorite steamships. We hope you are all staying safe out there!! At SSHSA, we are still moving FULL STEAM AHEAD! @museumweek